The new type of mental illness is "exercise addiction".

发布时间:2024-03-01 09:08:32 浏览数:5


Source: http://www.projectknow.com/research/exercise-dDiction/

What is 突发新闻sports addiction?

Exercise AddictIt is a kind of compulsive behavior that manifested as not to control your excessive exercise.More and more people are currently plagued by sports addiction.It exceeds simply enjoying exercise and often leads to exercise damage or pain.

Exercise addiction has not been included in DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association << mental disorder and diagnostic manual >>).Therefore, it is not possible to define exercise addiction as a mental disorder (meaning that you are not a mental patient now).


Symptoms of exercise addiction

a. Out of control: The desire to control strong exercise or not to stop exercise for a period of time, especially during the injury, it takes time to rest.

b. Continue: Even during the injury, or other obvious physiological problems, psychological problems or interpersonal relationships still insist on exercise.

c. Willing influence: non -voluntary execution exercise, including time, frequency, density, etc.

d. Time: It takes a lot of time to plan in exercise, ideas or recovery.

e. Reduce other activity time: spend very little time in social, work, or other activities.

f. Tolerance: It takes more time to exercise, longer or higher density to achieve psychological expectations.

g. Dipate symptoms: After not exercising for a period of time, feel irritable, restless, or anxious.

Exercise addiction can occur alone or can occur with other mental disorders, such as neurological anorexia and astronomy.About 3%of the sports crowd have sports addiction.The good age is young men and women around 20.A study survey pointed out that as high as 42%of fitness people reached the standard of sports addiction.

How is sports addiction formed?

Sports addiction is divided into two types: primary sports addiction and secondary sports addiction


1. Primary sporty addiction

It appeared in a way of addiction, and these people did not have other psychological or behavioral disorders -sports addiction is the main problem.It is more common among men. The secretion of endorphins during and after exercise makes people feel happy, and then these people are obsessed with this feeling.

2. Secondary sports addiction

The most common is neurological anorexia or overeating.More common among women, due to the image of the body.

Anorexia is a dysfunction, including self -hunger caused by excessive weight loss. Even if these people are already thin and thin, in a state of life, they still think they need to lose weight and force themselves to exercise under hunger.

The risk factors of anorexia include:

a. Excessive care of weight and body type

b. There are anxiety disorders

c. Negative self -image

d. I had eating problems in early infants and children and children

e. For beautiful, appearance, and extremely strong social ideas and cultural concepts

f. Pursuing perfect pursuit of perfection

g. Pay too much attention to the plan

When exercise addiction is accompanied by neurological anorexia and the original motivation, we define "Anorexia Athletica".

Another cause of secondary exercise addiction is astronomy.This is a periodic, severe dietary disorders, including overeating and abnormal ways to discharge (such as vomiting).Overlashing refers to eating a lot of food at a specific time (usually within two hours), and it feels nauseous when I eat it often.

In order to consume high -calorie intake, some people will exercise too much. Over time, it will develop into sports addiction.The cause of the disease is unclear, and it is currently considered to be influenced by the comprehensive influence of genetic, cultural, and psychological factors.


Side effects on the body

Exercise addiction is related to the side effects of physiology and psychology, including the following points:

a. Harmful social influence

b. Psychological disorder

c. There are medical taboos (such as injury) still exercise

d. Interference work or interpersonal relationship

e. Temporarily stop exercise symptoms such as anxiety, irritability and restlessness


The most serious physiological consequences of forced exercise are the risk of injury or increased harm related to movement.

Proper forging chains are strong muscles and bones, but too much exercise will increase the risk of stress fractures.The injured may aggravate the injury, extend the time of complete recovery, and even leave sequelae.Examples of some overwhelming damage include:

a. Arthritis/joint injury

b.

c. Sprain ligament

d. Excessive tension or tear muscle and tendon

Another physiological risk factors and sports addiction are related to women's menstrual disorders.Due to unhealthy weight, women stopped ovulation and then stopped one or more menstrual cycles.This secondary exercise addiction is accompanied by anorexia.But it can also occur on women with primary sports addiction.

Exercise addiction may also be related to drug abuse.Studies have shown that 15-20%of sports addicts are addicted to nicotine, alcohol or illegal drugs (drugs).These substances not only have a bad impact on the body, but if excessive exercise has become weaker, the problem of drug abuse will increase the risk of greater harm to the body.


Social and psychological side effects

Because people with exercise addiction spend a lot of time forging chain and indulge in the amount of exercise, many people have the imbalance in interpersonal relationships.Family family and friends often feel left out and cannot approach each other.Or feel sad and disturbed by choosing time for people with addiction.Even if family and friends are kindly persuaded, people who are close to the act of compulsory exercise will cause conflicts in interpersonal relationships.

Some people with exercise addiction will skip classes or take leave from work to forge chains, which hinders their educated time and reduce their income.Exercise addiction makes it difficult for people to live a satisfactory social life, because such people often skip special activities to forge chain.Even forging chains with others is very difficult, because people with addicts do not like to disrupt their plans.They would rather forge the chain by themselves so that they could control the training time, content and rhythm.

If you do not exercise for six hours, you may feel anxious


Exercise addiction can cause emotional depression, especially accompanied by dissatisfaction or lack of self -confidence.In particular, people with addiction to exercise feel anxiety after a period of time without exercise.

The length of the exercise time is subjective: Although it is normal for most people to not exercise 24-48 hours, it may cause anxiety for people who do not exercise for six hours.If they cannot exercise or are forced to reduce the frequency of exercise, they may be irritable, guilty, anxiety, and burnout.These feelings will also happen in the training plan of a person with a sports addiction to be disrupted or disturbed.

When a person starts to have primary sports addiction, when he is forced to stop forging or reduce the forging chain, he will have symptoms similar to depression.For people with exercise addiction, exercise is usually responding to stress.So when this response mechanism disappears, they do not know how to face and solve the pressure in daily life.This frustration feeling will increase due to reduced endorphin secreted during exercise.


Treatment of exercise addiction

Exercise addiction is a serious compulsive behavior, but there are treatment methods.First of all, the first step is to figure out whether you are original or secondary sports addiction.The fundamental cause of problem solving will be the most effective.For example, if there is potential neurological anorexia, the focus of treatment should be placed in dietary disorders.

Once the fundamental reason is determined, the next step should be determined whether to deal with other reasons for health or safety first.For example, although exercise addiction may be extremely harmful, if it occurs at the same time as drug abuse, drug abuse may threaten human health and safety more directly.In this case, we must first solve the problem of drug abuse.When looking for the treatment of exercise addiction, it is important to consult a psychiatrist or psychological counselor because it will affect your body and psychological state at the same time.

With priority consideration and correct understanding of the problem, behavior health experts (part of the country in China) can help you and start treatment.There is no prescription drug that can be used to treat sports addiction, but some studies are undergoing whether there are certain drugs to control your impulse and prevent you from doing harmful behaviors.Medical or psychologists can prescribe prescription drugs for symptoms caused by exercise, such as anxiety or depression.Doctors can also give prescription drugs for damage caused by excessive exercise of the body.


For the treatment of sports addiction, the desire to restrain is usually not a good choice, so the treatment of sports addiction is more complicated.When a person with exercise addiction may be integrated into daily life because the existing wounded person needs to rest for a while.

In order to better understand the specific situation of your sports addiction, behavioral health experts may use a type called sports dependency table.This meter is used to clarify your dependence on mood and psychology.With the progress of the treatment, psychological counselors or therapists may ask you to complete the movement dependency table to understand the current treatment phase and progress.

Regarding the addiction of primary sports, you may not have other techniques to relieve stress. In this case, the focus of treatment is to establish a healthy response skills and use cognitive behavior therapy to understand the abnormal thinking mode of excessive exercise.


In the case of secondary exercise addiction, therapists usually use drugs in early eating disorders, such as antidepressants, anti -psychiatric drugs, mood stabilizers, etc.Other treatment methods include individual treatment, group treatment, nutritional consultation and medical monitoring.

Establishing healthy habits, preventing abnormal diet, and overcoming excessive exercise mode is a lifelong struggle.But as long as there are correct and continuous support and treatment, you can live a healthy life.

Sources

1. FREIMUTH, M., Moniz, S., & Kim, S. R. (2011). Clarifying Exercise Addict: Differential Diagnosis, Co-OCCURRING DISORDERS, and Phasers of Addical. Im Eric Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 8 (10), 4069–4081.

2. Berczik, K., Szabo, A., Griffiths, M. D, Kurimay, T., KUN, B., Urban, R., & Demetrovics, Z. (2012). Exercise AdDiction: Symptoms, Diagnisis, EPI, EPI demiology, And Etiology. Substance Use & Misuse, 47, 403–417.

3. United States National Library of Medicine. (2016). ANOREXIA.